Australia's Queensland coal royalties hurt coking coal more than thermal coal Policy,  Viewpoint,  Price,  Thermal Coal,  Coking Coal 2022-06-22 15:03:33

Australia's Queensland government has announced to raise its royalties on coal from July 1 following a 10-year freeze, with the top tier increasing to A$300/t for 40% royalties charge from the current A$150/t for 15% charge. The move would have greater impact on coking coal operations, though thermal coal will also be affected.

Queensland's coal production and exports

Queensland produces both coking coal and thermal coal, with the former accounting for roughly 66.87% of the total.

The state produced 220.65 million tonnes of salable coal in 2021, down 1.7% year on year, with salable coking coal output at 142.61 million tonnes and thermal coal at 78.04 million tonnes, showed data from the Queensland Government.

Queensland posted a 5.6% year-on-year decline in coal exports to 193.06 million tonnes during 2021, with coking coal accounting for 76.18% or 142.85 million tonnes.

Specifically, the state exported 101.78 million tonnes of hard coking coal and 41.07 million tonnes of soft coking coal, while thermal coal exports were registered at 50.22 million tonnes, data showed.

Queensland mainly exports coal to Asia. In 2021, the top destinations were Japan (22.4%), India (20.3%), South Korea (12.7%), Singapore (12.2%) and Vietnam (5.5%).

During the same period, top ports for coal exports were Gladstone (31.5%), Dalrymple Bay Coal Terminal (24.1%), Hay Point Coal Terminal (20.8%), and Abbot Point (12.9%).

Queensland's coal output share in Australia

Most of Australia's coking coal and thermal coal (both called black coal) is produced in Queensland and New South Wales, followed by Western Australia and Tasmania, with a vast majority exported to overseas markets.

Coal production in Queensland and New South Wales represents more than 98% of the country's total. Queensland mainly produces and exports coking coal while New South Wales mainly thermal coal.

Raw coal production in Queensland accounts for 55% of Australia's total in 2019, data showed.

In 2019, the estimate of Australia's recoverable economic demonstrated resources of black coal was revised upwards from 73.72 billion to 75.43 billion tonnes, up 2.3% from a year ago, with the large increment coming from Queensland's Hutton Coking Coal Project, the Olive Downs Coking Coal Project and Hail Creek in Bowen Basin and Wandoan in Surat Basin.

Coal royalties add higher costs to coking coal than thermal coal

The new coal royalties plan will add costs to coal produced in the state, with coking coal likely suffering the main part of the adverse inpact due to its much higher prices than thermal coal.

As requested by the Queensland government, starting from July 1, Queensland-based miners will have to pay 20% for prices above $175/t, 30% above $225/t and 40% above $300/t, according to the new coal tax policy.

Under the existing progressive scheme, coal companies pay a 7% royalty on the first A$100/t ($69/t) earned, 12.5% for earnings of A$100-150/t, and 15% for earnings exceeding A$150/t, which is the top tier royalties rate.

The new higher tiers only take effect on the portion of the royalty price above the relevant price, according to Cameron Dick, Queensland Treasurer and Minister for Trade and Investment.

"For example, if coal prices are A$302/t, a very high price by usual standards, the 40% tier will only apply to the $2 portion," Dick said.

Australian low-vol hard coking coal prices averaged at $353/t or A$511.4/t, FOB, so far in June. Miners would have to pay A$67.5/t of coal rate on average under the old scheme but A$134.1/t under the new rate, an increase of A$66.6/t.

However, thermal coal price averaged $190.3/t or A$275.8/t, FOB, so far this month. Miners need to pay A$32.1/t under the existing policy but A$42.4/t for the new, a rise of 10.22/t.

Despite the increase, during period of low prices, Queensland royalty rates will be lower than those charged in New South Wales, according to Dick.

New South Wales maintained its royalties unchanged at 8.2% for open-cut mined coal, 7.2% of underground coal and 6.2% of deep underground coal.

Around 91.8% of coal in Queensland comes from open-cut mines, according to Queensland Government data.

(Writing by Emma Yang  Editing by Harry Huo)
For any questions, please contact us by or +86-351-7219322.

Share this article
Connect with us

Editor's Pick

1 China's thermal coal prices edge up amid growing demand 2022-08-09

China's thermal coal prices edged up as increased coal consumption in some areas in the east prompted a new round of purchase, traders said. On August 9, traders reported a 10-20 yuan/t r

2 China's coking coal prices rise moderately; coke price completes 1st hike 2022-08-09

Coking coal trades remained in moderate improvement at China's major production areas, as the gradual implementation of coke price hike spurred new purchases of the feed coal. Some coking

3 Indonesia to suspend coal exports from 48 miners, report 2022-08-09

Indonesia plans to put coal exports on hold from 48 miners who had failed to complete their Domestic Market Obligations (DMOs) without explaining reasons, CNBC Indonesia reported on August 9, citing a

4 Thermal coal miners expect price pickups on supply shrink 2022-08-09

Chinese thermal coal miners anticipated mine-mouth prices to pick up further in the near term, as recent downpours and stringent safety checks reinforced expectation that overall supplies may contract

5 China Coal Daily Track (Aug 9) 2022-08-09

Thermal coal Production area Thermal coal prices ticked up at some mines in Yulin of Shaanxi and northern Shanxi, and prices at other places also stabilized. Supply for spot buyers remained tigh

6 China futures market updates at close (Aug 9) 2022-08-09

Check out latest updates on the Chinese futures market for thermal coal, coking coal, coke and others at close.

7 China's Jul coal imports buoyed by seasonal demand; Aug outlook softens 2022-08-09

China imported 23.52 million tonnes of coal in July, rising 23.92% or 4.54 million tonnes compared with the preceding month and marking a significant rebound after two straight months of decline, acco

8 Guangdong removes power price limit to encourage generation 2022-08-09

Southern China's Guangdong province has suspended the implementation of level-2 limit for spot electricity prices, according to a circular issued by the Guangdong power trading center on August 1, in

9 China, Mongolia agree on border railway connection, long-term coal contracts 2022-08-09

China's Foreign Minister Wang Yi and his Mongolian counterpart B. Battsetseg confirmed the connection of the Gashuunsuhait-Ganqimaodu port by rail and agreed to sign stable long-term coal contract dur

10 Indonesian thermal coal remains bearish as Chinese buyers press prices 2022-08-09

Indonesian thermal coal market remained bearish at the start of this week, as Chinese utilities, which recently made purchases, pressed down prices as they were not in a hurry with the summer coming t

Most Read Articles

1 Indonesia may face coal crisis again as miners prefer to export 2022-08-03

Indonesia's state-owned power group PLN may suffer from coal supply tightness if no measures are taken to strengthen supply from domestic miners, who preferred to sell coal aboard rather than domestic

2 Indonesia threatens to ban coal exports again if miners refuse domestic supply 2022-08-05

Indonesia will revoke export permits of coal miners who refuse to supply domestic power group PLN, CNBC Indonesia reported, citing Arifin Tasrif, minister of Energy and Mineral Resources (ESDM).

3 Mongolian weekly coal exports jump 180% on yr 2022-08-04

Mongolian coal exports grew drastically by 180% from the year prior to 666,300 tonnes over the week of July 22-28, Mongolian media reported. The volume mainly included 5,532 containers tr

4 Indonesian low-CV thermal coal subdued by weak demand from China, India 2022-08-03

Indonesian low-CV thermal coal prices remained tepid mainly due to contracted demand from China as still impacted by recent price decline in Chinese domestic market. The latest offers fro

5 China's coking industry aims to peak carbon emissions by 2025 2022-08-05

China's coking industry has pledged to peak its carbon emissions by 2025 mainly through stricter emission controls and technological breakthroughs, according to a work scheme issued by China Coking In

6 China's utilities start winter coal storage, but little help for prices 2022-08-04

After repeatedly experiencing winter coal price surges in recent years, China's coal-fired power and heating companies tend to replenish coal inventories in summer to reduce fuel procurement costs.

7 Infographic | Indonesian coal exports in Jun 2022 2022-08-04

Infographic | Indonesian coal exports in Jun 2022

8 China's thermal coal prices remain under pressure after decline 2022-08-03

China's thermal coal prices may extend declines in the remaining days of this month following the recent price fall, pressured by cooler weather and slackness in industrial activity, traders said.

9 Russian Jul seaborne coal exports fall 6.19% MoM, Kpler 2022-08-04

Russia's seaborne coal exports totaled 15.7 million tonnes in July, marking a year-on-year decrease of 3.14% and down 6.19% month on month, according to Kpler's cargo-tracking data.

10 Infographic | China's imports of main commodities in Jul 2022 2022-08-08

China's imports of coal, natural gas, iron ore, steel products, etc.